Legal

New Review Paper on “Legal Aspects of Biosecurity and Practice Standards in Europe”

In the “Libraries” section it is available the first paper of the Review Series on Legal Aspects of Biosecurity. The paper by Angeles Cuadrado Ruiz of the Department of Penal Law at the University of Granada presents the legal challenges in countering bioterrorism and biothreats after the attacks on 9/11 . Thus, the paper will review all the legal implications of the measures that are in use today to tackle this threats, such as the BTWC,  UNSCR 1540, practices standards and harmonisation in Europe, finally focusing on the Spanish criminal law.

Overview on Italian Policy and Institutions on Prevention of Biological Weapons, BWC, and Biosecurity

Italy, the Biological Weapons Convention and the Prevention Regimes of Biological Weapons Italy was one of the first signatories to the Geneva Protocol of 1925 (which was ratified in 1928), and remains a State Party to the 1972 BTWC. Italy signed the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) on April 10, 1972 and ratified it in May 30, 1975. It was also among the 46 States Parties participating (see the Final Report of VEREX)  in the Ad Hoc Group of Governmental Experts to Identify and Examine Potential Verification Measures from a Scientific and Technical Standpoint (VEREX). In a Working Paper in 1992  (Working Paper By Italy on Verification Measures, VEREX 1992, ...